Global Conservation Challenges

Balancing human demands with the planet’s finite resources

Around the globe, people produce goods and services, and people purchase those goods and services. In many cases, this cycle of production and consumption improves our lives in the form of food, clothes, medicine, cellphones, and other items many consider indispensable for modern life. Yet, global production and consumption patterns are also damaging our life support system—nature—at dangerously high rates.

Nature is not just a force to be cleared, tamed, or admired from the distance, nor is it an obstacle to human aspirations. Rather, nature is integral to all our endeavors—from the creation of many products to offering valuable contributions to human health—and an essential partner for our planet’s survival.

A key component for maintaining a healthy natural environment is biodiversity, or the variety of life, whether species or plants. Find out about the importance of biodiversity and how we can conserve it. Learn how nature offers readily available solutions to some of our greatest challenges.

Nature Conservation

Nature, in all its diversity, provides our food, secures our water supplies, protects us from hazards, and supports our health. It also contributes directly to local livelihoods and global economic development. Moreover, nature provides recreation and inspiration. Read more…

Climate Change

Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges confronting humanity today. However, we are not helpless against it, for nature is our ally. Healthy ecosystems such as forests, oceans, and wetlands make critical contributions to climate change mitigation by absorbing and storing carbon. Read more…

Water

Water is where all life begins. We rely on it to hydrate ourselves, grow our food, produce our industrial goods, and generate our energy. There is no substitute for water—every living thing depends on it.  Read more…

Oceans

Oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface and support an extraordinarily diverse world. Only a fraction of it has been discovered so far, and much of ocean life remains a mystery that we are just starting to unveil. Read more…

Nature and Economic and Social Development

The wealth of nature is essential to the wealth of nations. All aspects of the global economy—from raw materials to manufacturing to trade and commerce—depend on nature. Nature supplies our economies with indispensable goods and services, creates jobs and business opportunities.  Read more…

Nature and Equitable Governance Of Ecosystems

Natural resource governance is shaped by the norms, institutions, and processes that determine how power and responsibilities over the resource are exercised, how decisions are taken, and how citizens—men and women—participate in the management of these resources.  Read more…